Revised draft data finds that half of Maryland’s counties may be mandated to increase their per-pupil funding for K-12 education under a state law enacted in 2012. This revised draft State Aid document also includes the DLS-prepared county-by-county distribution projections for the Kirwan blueprint bill passed by the General Assembly.
The education escalator, a device that mandates increases in county funding for local school systems, will require twelve counties in Maryland to increase their per-pupil funding, according to preliminary data from the State Department of Education.
The law mandates increases for any counties that fall behind a statewide moving average of wealth per pupil, and have locally increasing wealth per pupil. Last year, the same twelve counties were required to increase their funding. The calculation’s basis on a moving average only makes it more difficult for a county behind the average to catch up.
Counties in Maryland are being hit year after year with mandatory education payment increases. MACo advocates against funding mandates that reduce flexibility in local budgeting.
To learn more about how the State’s escalator law works, see Q&A: Maryland’s Education Funding Escalator.
The Maryland State Department of Education shares preliminary distributions (as developed by the Department of Legislative Services, the staff agency to the General Assembly) for additional funding for legislation passed in the Maryland General Assembly’s 2019 Session in their revised calculations, as well. From the Department, with its forward-looking caveat:
In the 2019 Legislative Session, the Maryland General Assembly enacted SB1030, The Blueprint for Maryland’s Future. This legislation has the potential to provide substantial funding to Maryland’s public schools in FY 2020 and FY 2021. Note though that the funding for FY 2020 is not mandated and subject to the Governor’s decisions on whether to fund the programs. A copy of this legislation, as well as, the fiscal note explaining its impact are attached. As we become aware of additional
information regarding the funding decisions, we will advise you, accordingly.
For more information about the State’s FY 2020 education funding, see the MSDE revised draft calculations.
Final calculations are typically released in early June.