Federal Dollars to Supplement, Not Supplant State & Local Education Funding

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The US Department of Education has released proposed regulations to implement the requirement in Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as recently revised by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), that federal funds must supplement, and may not supplant, state and local funding.

As reported by the US Department of Education,

This proposal will help ensure that federal funds are additive and do not take the place of state and local funding in low-income schools, in keeping with the long-standing commitment under Title I that the nation’s highest-need students receive the additional resources needed to help them succeed.

The regulation would mean up to $2 billion in supplemental state and local funding for high-poverty schools, according to the Department.

The Department’s blog states,

No single federal rule can make up for decades of resource inequities, but the proposed rule is designed to mitigate clear discrepancies in educational resources and opportunities:

  • low-poverty, low-minority schools are twice as likely to offer a full-range of math and science classes as high-poverty, high-minority schools;
  • on average, low-poverty schools offer three times as many Advanced Placement (AP) courses as high-poverty schools;
  • low-minority schools are twice as likely to offer dual credit or dual enrollment opportunities, compared with high-minority schools; and
  • educators in high-poverty, high-minority schools are more than twice as likely to be in their first or second year of teaching, compared to their peers in low-poverty, low-minority schools.


The public comment period closes November 7.

The Department shares the following additional resources:

See also,