Fun Fact: Celebrating Black Women in Maryland History

The Eastern Shore was home to many notable women in Black History. Below are a few facts from Choptank River Heritage on a few legendary Black Women who have called the Eastern Shore home.

Lucretia Kennard Daniels was the first black female supervisor of colored schools in Caroline and Queen Anne’s Counties.

  • Worked tirelessly to improve Black education in the early 1900s.
  • Added Negro History to the school curriculum, initiated Homemaking Fairs for parents to share their skills in schools, and introduced parent-teacher associations to schools.
  • Raised money to construct the first Black Highschool in Centreville. Kennard High School was completed in 1936.

Dr. Enolia P. McMillan was the first woman elected President of the NAACP.

  • Started her professional career as a teacher in Caroline County.
  • After the 1954 Supreme Court ruling outlawing segregated public schools, McMillan was one of the first black teachers at a white school.
  • Her master’s thesis, Some Factors Affecting Secondary Education for Negroes in Maryland Counties (Excluding Baltimore), attacked Maryland’s racist dual school system in the 1930s.

Edythe M. Jolley was the first black woman principal on the Eastern Shore and possibly, the state of Maryland.

  • She was a Caroline County native.
  • Her teaching career began at St. Clair High School in Dorchester County in 1930.
  • She taught and was the principal for 13 years at St. Clair. Jolley then went on to serve as the principal of Maces Lane High School for another 28 years.

Do you have a fun fact to share about your county? If so, please send it to Allison Valliant to be featured in MACo’s weekly Fun Fact on Conduit Street.