Congress is poised to pass sweeping legislation to address the inaccuracies of the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) national broadband coverage data.
The House and Senate recently passed the Broadband Deployment Accuracy and Technological Availability (DATA) Act (S. 822/H.R. 4229). The bipartisan legislation requires wired, fixed wireless, and satellite broadband providers to collect more service availability data and directs the FCC to develop a system for state and local governments to report verified coverage data.
Lawmakers are currently resolving minor differences between the House and Senate versions of the legislation before voting on a final bill and sending it to the White House for the president’s signature.
In today’s world, internet connectivity is no longer a luxury—it is a necessity. Access to affordable internet, broadband, wireless, and cellular services is an essential component of a county’s economic development and the socio-economic advancements of its residents.
Residents benefit from increased economic growth, improved labor market access and outcomes, access to better health care, enhanced civic participation, enriched education opportunities, improved quality of life, and overall competitive and vibrant communities.
But connectivity issues continue to plague counties across the United States. According to the FCC, approximately 19 million Americans — 6 percent of the population — lack access to even basic broadband services. MACo has consistently supported legislation that encourages new and innovative solutions in order to provide high-speed internet access for all Marylanders.
According to the National Association of Counties (NACo):
he Broadband Data Act makes several changes to the way the FCC collects, verifies and reports broadband data. Changes include:
- Eliminating the current data collection model and implementing the Broadband Serviceable Location Fabric, a system that utilizes geocoding to map coverage. Currently, mapping is based on U.S. Census blocks. Internet Service Providers (ISP) count a block “covered” if one household in that block has 25 Mbps (megabytes per second) internet service or higher. This can result in major data discrepancies as many households may be inaccurately marked as covered.
- Requiring the FCC to develop processes for any person or entity to submit broadband availability data to verify or challenge the FCC’s database or maps.
- Directing the FCC to update the granular data every six months and to make it publicly available.
- Allowing the FCC to contract out the creation and maintenance of the mapping system to a private firm(s) for no longer than five years with a competitive, open and transparent bidding process.
The bill authorizes $28 million total for FYs 2020 and 2021 for the FCC to issue rules, establish reporting requirements and hire contractors to establish a comprehensive broadband database and maps. Counties support the changes outlined in S. 1822/H.R. 4229.
The accuracy of the FCC’s National Broadband Map has become the target of bipartisan concern within Congress. The FCC requires Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to submit data indicating broadband availability and speed twice a year to determine network coverage and service levels. However, there is no mechanism to verify the accuracy of the data provided, leaving the potential for speed and availability to be significantly overstated.
The lack of competition also means customers fortunate enough to have service often pay high prices for broadband. Anecdotal evidence suggests an entire ZIP code is oftentimes marked as “served” with broadband if just one home in the census block has coverage. As a result, the FCC routinely declares these markets connected and competitive when reality tells a different story.
Access to affordable high-speed internet is widely recognized as essential to compete in today’s economy. Accurate connectivity data is the foundation for investments in broadband infrastructure. Unfortunately, connectivity data provided to the FCC is often inaccurate and inflated — leaving many rural communities overlooked and disconnected.
Stay tuned to Conduit Street for more information.