The National Association of Counties (NACo) created the Connected and Automated Vehicles Toolkit in order to provide county officials with an overview of the rapidly-growing connected and automated vehicles (CAV) sector. The toolkit proves insight into how all levels of government are adapting to this revelutionary technology. The four sections, (1) technology, (2) policy, (3) deployment, and (4) next steps all provide high levels of information and resources for each topic.
Since 2014, localities have taken action to pass CAV policies that encourage research and testing of new transportation technologies in their communities. Per U.S. DOT, the local role in CAV policy primarily revolves around regulation of local land use – via zoning and permitting – ownership and operation of local roadway, sidewalk and parking infrastructure and enactment and enforcement of local traffic laws. U.S. DOT’s guidance further includes best practices for local governments, infrastructure owners and operators and public sector transit industry and stakeholders. Per the National League of Cities’ (NLC) Autonomous Vehicles: A Policy Preparation Guide, “one of the major challenges facing [local governments] is how to promote a regulatory foundation that ensures safety while promoting the continued innovation of autonomous vehicles through increased testing.”